The Sentence Breakdown

Last week we went over the major components of a sentence: Subject and Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs, Conjunctions, and Phrases and Clauses. This week we are going to bring it all together.

Types of Sentences

Simple sentences only have one independent clause in them. While we normally see and think of simple sentences as short, sweet, and to the point it can be expanded using more adjectives and adverbs.

Compound sentences use multiple independent clauses and are separated by the use of commas, semicolons, or a coordinating conjunction.

Complex sentences involve both an independent clause and a dependent clause.Both clauses can have subjects, but the main subject belongs to the independent clause. In the same idea, both clauses can have their own verbs but the main verb is within the independent clause.

Compound-Complex sentences are exactly how they sound they have multiple independent clauses and only one dependent clause. Though you can hide the dependent clause inside one of the independent clauses, still keep in mind of the rules for both compound and complex sentences.

Sentence Functions

Knowing the different types of sentence functions can be really helpful as your choices can provide the reader hints as to what your tone and voice is for the story. If not yours, then at least your characters!

declarative sentence is just a plain statement that ends in a period. Think of it as if you are writing in the voice of Ben Stein.

When writing an interrogative sentence you are asking a question, so you mark the end with a question mark and when you speak it aloud you will hear yourself with its’ inflection.

An imperative sentence it’s similar to the declarative sentence as it is a statement, but is also not as it is expressing a command. Here is when it is okay to not have a stated subject as it is implied and will normally be seen in dialogue.

The exclamatory sentence  is the strong emotion sentence. Normally seen with an exclamation point, it can also be emphasized by the use of italics and particular wording.

And there it is! We finally got all the sentence work done! With all the basics behind us, lets start actually having a little fun.

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